Helsinki, the capital of Finland, sits on an archipelago in the Gulf of Lapland. Its central street, Mannerholmintie, is flanked on either side by impressive public institutions including the National Library, tracing early Finnish history through the Bronze Age to the modern day. In addition to this impressive array of cultural institutions, also nestled in the heart of the city are the imposing parliament house and Kiasma, an attractive modern art museum.


The capital of Finland, Helsinki lies on a peninsula in a basin surrounded by water, making it a natural city. It is one of the fastest growing cities in Europe with a population of almost half a million. It has become synonymous with the capital of Finland, even though it is a relatively small city.

From the Atlantic Ocean, the Atlantic merges with the Gulf of NIU and the Western European River joins the Gulf of Thuringia, forming the Baltic Sea. From here the waters divide into the North Sea and the Baltic. From these two bodies the rivers Finland and Ostrobothnia continue into their delta.

Hualalai River is the third most important tributary of the Hualalai. It flows southwards out of the delta of Lake Ileau. The Ostrobothnia River is a tributary of the Hualalai. It flows southwards from the Gulf of Lapland into the Gulf of Bothnia. The Gulf of Bothnia is the second longest river in Europe after the Rhine.

Situated on the east coast of the central part of the island, Helsingborg Harbor is one of the busiest harbors in the country. It serves as the port for the region of Espoo, the country’s largest port. It lies on the northern edge of the city. This part of the island is often referred to as the City of Angels.

The biggest lake in the island of Hualalai is Lake Biwa. It is the second largest in the area and the third largest in mainland Finland. Lake Biwa is a natural reservoir and an excellent source of freshwater for Helsingborg and Espoo.

Other main industries in Finland are banking, tourism, and the petroleum and chemicals sectors. Other industries include electrical power generation, metal making, chemical and paper production, tourism and telecommunications. It is also the major export destination for the region.